Gender-specific prevention of type 2 diabetes and health promotion (Prev*Diab)
The main goal of the project is to investigate gender-specific needs regarding diabetes prevention and health promotion using survey data by people with T2DM and by general practitioners.
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common non-communicable diseases in Germany. It refers to a chronically disturbed regulation of insulin levels and usually occurs for the first time in middle to old age, primarily due to lifestyle-associated risk factors such as obesity, lack of exercise, and smoking. Therefore, national and international prevention strategies focus on these factors. The role of gender, combined with socioeconomic, sociocultural, regional and structural characteristics of the environment, is often not recognized. To increase the efficiency of prevention measures such as Check-Up 35, it is necessary to consider behavioral, structural and gender-specific aspects of health behavior and healthcare utilization.
The main goal of the project is to investigate gender-specific needs regarding diabetes prevention and health promotion. To this end, disease knowledge and information needs of persons without known type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) will be analyzed using representative survey data from the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI) (N = 2327). We aim to identify gender-specific differences related to the utilization of diabetes-relevant prevention measures. Furthermore, gender-specific risk factors will be ascertained using a validated risk score (DRT).
A second project goal is to evaluate how measures for gender-specific health promotion and prevention of T2DM are used and appraised in primary care (e.g., Check-Up 35, counseling offers, recommended health apps). For this purpose, general practitioners across Germany will be invited to participate in an online survey. Based on the findings, practical recommendations for gender-specific prevention campaigns will be developed.